Header and Footer Formatting Codes in Excel


In the world of Excel spreadsheets, headers and footers play a crucial role in organizing information and presenting data in a professional manner. Headers are the top section of a worksheet that usually contain the title, company logo, or other relevant information. Footers, on the other hand, are located at the bottom of the worksheet and often include page numbers, dates, or author information. While headers and footers may seem like small details, their formatting can greatly enhance the overall appearance and professionalism of your spreadsheet.

Key Takeaways

  • Headers and footers are important for organizing information and presenting data professionally in Excel spreadsheets.
  • Formatting headers and footers can greatly enhance the overall appearance and professionalism of a spreadsheet.
  • Understanding header and footer codes is essential for customizing their appearance in Excel.
  • Creating and modifying headers involves step-by-step instructions and various formatting options.
  • Formatting footers in Excel allows for customization including alignment, page numbering, and date/time codes.

Understanding Header and Footer Codes

When working with headers and footers in Excel, it is important to understand the codes that can be used to customize their appearance. These codes allow you to add dynamic information, such as page numbers or the current date, to your headers and footers. Additionally, you can format the text using HTML tags to make certain elements stand out. In this chapter, we will explore the explanation of header and footer codes in Excel, how they are used to customize the appearance, and provide examples of common codes and their functions.

Explanation of Header and Footer Codes in Excel

In Excel, header and footer codes are special placeholders that are replaced with actual information when the spreadsheet is printed or viewed in print preview mode. These codes are enclosed within ampersand symbols (&) and are typically used within the header or footer section of the Page Setup dialog box.

  • &[Page]: Inserts the page number on which the header or footer appears.
  • &[Pages]: Inserts the total number of pages in the worksheet.
  • &[Date]: Inserts the current date into the header or footer.
  • &[Time]: Inserts the current time into the header or footer.
  • &[File]: Inserts the filename of the workbook.

How Codes are Used to Customize the Appearance of Headers and Footers

By using codes in combination with HTML tags, you can further customize the appearance of headers and footers in Excel. HTML tags provide a wide range of formatting options, such as changing the font size or color, adding bold or italic styles, or aligning the text.

  • Text: Changes the color of the text to red.
  • Text: Makes the text bold.
  • Text: Makes the text italic.
  • Text: Underlines the text.

Examples of Common Codes and Their Functions

Let's take a look at some examples of common codes and their functions:

  • &[Page] of &[Pages]: Displays the current page number and the total number of pages.
  • Important Information: Formats the text as "Important Information" and increases the font size to 14 points.
  • Header Text/b>: Makes the header text bold.
  • Footer Text: Makes the footer text italic and underlined.

By using these codes and HTML tags, you can easily customize the appearance of headers and footers in Excel to meet your specific formatting needs.

Creating and Modifying Headers

Headers in Excel worksheets provide a consistent way to display information across multiple pages, ensuring clarity and professionalism in your documents. In this chapter, we will walk you through the process of creating and modifying headers in Excel, including various formatting options and the ability to insert dynamic content.

Step-by-step guide on creating and adding headers to Excel worksheets

Follow these simple steps to create and add headers to your Excel worksheets:

  1. Open your Excel worksheet and navigate to the "Insert" tab on the Ribbon.
  2. Click on the "Header & Footer" button in the "Text" group.
  3. A new "Header & Footer Tools" contextual tab will appear. Choose the "Header" option.
  4. Excel provides a set of pre-designed header layouts to choose from. Select the desired layout that best suits your needs.
  5. Once you have chosen a layout, you can click within the header area and start typing your desired text.
  6. Use the available options in the "Header & Footer Elements" group to insert page numbers, worksheet names, date and time, and other dynamic content into your header.
  7. Format the header text by selecting it and utilizing the font style, size, color, bold, italic, and underline options in the "Font" group of the "Home" tab.
  8. Click outside the header area to exit the header editing mode.

Demonstrating different formatting options

Excel provides a range of formatting options to customize the appearance of your headers. These include:

  • Font style: Choose from a variety of font styles such as Arial, Times New Roman, or Calibri.
  • Font size: Adjust the size of the text to make it more prominent or less intrusive.
  • Font color: Select a specific color for your header text, ensuring it matches the overall theme of your worksheet.

How to insert dynamic content using codes

To make your headers more dynamic, you can use special codes to insert dynamic content. Here are some examples:

  • Page numbers: Use the code "&P" to insert the current page number.
  • Worksheet names: Utilize the code "&A" to insert the name of the current worksheet.
  • Date and time: Embed the code "&D" for the current date and "&T" for the current time in your header.

Remember to avoid using numbers in the header, as Excel may interpret them as formulas. Instead, use the tag to highlight important information within your header.

By following these steps and utilizing various formatting options and codes, you can create and modify headers in Excel that enhance the visual appeal and functionality of your worksheets.

Formatting Footers for Excel Spreadsheets

Adding footers to your Excel spreadsheets can enhance the overall appearance and provide important information to the viewers. In this chapter, we will guide you through the process of adding footers to your worksheets and explore different customization options to make your footers more effective and informative.

Instructions on Adding Footers to Worksheets

Follow these steps to add footers to your Excel spreadsheets:

  • Open your Excel spreadsheet and navigate to the "Insert" tab on the Excel ribbon.
  • Click on the "Header & Footer" button in the "Text" group.
  • The worksheet will switch to "Page Layout" view, and the Header & Footer Tools Design tab will appear on the Excel ribbon.
  • Click on the "Footer" button in the "Header & Footer" group.
  • A drop-down menu will appear with various footer options.
  • Select the desired footer option, such as "Blank," "Page Number," or "Date."
  • Excel will place the selected footer in the center section of the worksheet's footer area.

Different Options for Customization

Excel provides various customization options to help you tailor your footers according to your preferences and requirements. Here are some customization options to consider:

  • Alignment: You can align the content of your footer to the left, center, or right of the footer area.
  • Page Numbering: Excel allows you to include page numbers in your footers, which can be useful when printing large spreadsheets that span multiple pages.
  • Date/Time Codes: You can insert date and time codes in your footers to automatically display the current date and time when the spreadsheet is printed.

Tips for Utilizing Codes to Display Relevant Information

Excel provides various codes that allow you to display relevant information in your footers. Here are some tips for utilizing these codes effectively:

  • Use the &[amp] code to display the file path and name in your footer. This can be helpful when sharing spreadsheets with others.
  • Include the &[Date] code to display the print date in your footer. This ensures that viewers know when the spreadsheet was last printed.
  • Experiment with different codes, such as &[Page] for page numbers and &[Time] for the current time, to customize your footers further.

By incorporating these tips and utilizing the available customization options, you can create professional and informative footers for your Excel spreadsheets. Stay tuned for the next chapter, where we will explore header formatting codes in Excel.

Advanced Header and Footer Customization Techniques

In Excel, headers and footers provide a way to add important information, such as page numbers, document titles, and company logos, to printed worksheets. While the basic formatting options are commonly used, there are advanced techniques that can take your headers and footers to the next level. In this chapter, we will explore some of these techniques and learn how to customize headers and footers in Excel.

Exploring advanced formatting options for headers and footers

Excel offers a wide range of formatting options to enhance the appearance of your headers and footers. Some of the advanced formatting options include:

  • Adding images or pictures: You can insert company logos or other relevant images into the headers and footers.
  • Using different font styles and sizes: Customize the appearance of your headers and footers by using various font styles, sizes, and colors.
  • Adding special characters and symbols: Enhance the visual appeal of your headers and footers by including special characters, such as arrows or checkmarks.

Using conditional formatting to display different headers and footers based on specific conditions

Conditional formatting allows you to change the appearance of cells based on specific conditions. Similarly, you can use conditional formatting to display different headers and footers based on certain criteria. By applying conditional formatting rules to your headers and footers, you can dynamically update the content based on the data in your worksheet. This technique can be particularly useful when working with large datasets that require different headers and footers for specific sections.

Employing formulas and functions within header and footer codes to create dynamic content

Excel's powerful formulas and functions can be utilized within header and footer codes to create dynamic content. By incorporating formulas and functions, you can automatically display information such as the current date, time, file name, or worksheet information in your headers and footers. This ensures that the information in your headers and footers is always up to date and accurate, saving you time and effort in manual updates.

Additionally, you can use formulas and functions to perform calculations within the headers and footers. For example, you can calculate the sum or average of certain cells and display the result in the header or footer. This can be particularly useful when working with financial statements or reports that require dynamic calculations.

By leveraging the power of formulas and functions, you can create highly customized and dynamic headers and footers that cater to your specific needs.

In conclusion, Excel provides a range of advanced techniques to customize headers and footers. By exploring advanced formatting options, utilizing conditional formatting, and incorporating formulas and functions, you can create visually appealing and dynamic headers and footers that enhance the overall presentation of your worksheets.

Chapter 1: Best Practices for Header and Footer Formatting

1. Tips for maintaining consistency across multiple worksheets or workbooks

  • Use consistent header and footer formatting throughout all worksheets or workbooks to maintain a professional and organized appearance.
  • Create a template with predefined header and footer settings to easily apply them to new worksheets or workbooks.
  • Consider using a consistent color scheme or logo in the headers and footers for branding purposes.

2. Guidelines for choosing appropriate content for headers and footers

  • Include relevant information in the headers, such as the worksheet or workbook name, page numbers, and date.
  • Avoid using numbers in the headers, as they can be confusing and may not provide meaningful context.
  • Highlight important information in the headers and footers using the strong tag to make it stand out.
  • Consider adding a copyright statement or disclaimer in the footer, if applicable.

3. Ensuring readability and avoiding overcrowding by adjusting font size and margins

  • Choose a font size and style that is legible and appropriate for the content in the headers and footers.
  • Avoid overcrowding the headers and footers by adjusting the margins to provide enough space for the content to be easily read.
  • Use line breaks () and headings (

    ) when necessary to organize and separate information in the headers and footers.


As we come to the end of this blog post, it is important to recap the significance of header and footer formatting in Excel. Headers and footers not only provide valuable information such as page numbers and document titles, but they also contribute to the overall aesthetic appeal of your spreadsheets. By utilizing formatting codes, you can customize and enhance the appearance of your headers and footers, making them more visually appealing and professional-looking.

It is essential to remember that mastering the art of formatting in Excel requires practice and experimentation. Don't be afraid to try different codes and combinations to achieve the desired outcome. As you continue to explore and familiarize yourself with these formatting codes, you will become more confident in your ability to create visually stunning spreadsheets that leave a lasting impression.

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