Excel Tutorial: How To Put Macros In Excel


Are you tired of performing the same repetitive tasks in Excel? Macros might just be the solution you're looking for. In this tutorial, we'll delve into what macros are and the importance of using them in Excel for automation.

Key Takeaways

  • Macros in Excel are a powerful tool for automating repetitive tasks.
  • Understanding what macros are and their benefits is important for efficient use in Excel.
  • Recording, editing, and running macros in Excel can greatly improve productivity.
  • Best practices for using macros include organizing and managing them, as well as considering security measures.
  • Exploring and practicing the use of macros in Excel can lead to increased efficiency and productivity.

Understanding Macros

Macros are a powerful feature in Excel that allow users to automate repetitive tasks by recording a series of commands and actions. This can save time and reduce errors, making it an essential tool for increasing efficiency in Excel.

A. Definition of macros in Excel

In Excel, a macro is a set of instructions that can be recorded and then played back to perform a series of actions. These actions can include anything from formatting cells to creating charts, making macros incredibly versatile and useful for a wide range of tasks.

B. Benefits of using macros in Excel
  • Time-saving: Macros can automate repetitive tasks, saving you time and effort.

  • Reduced errors: By automating tasks, macros can help reduce the risk of human error.

  • Consistency: Macros ensure that tasks are performed in a consistent manner every time they are run.

  • Increased productivity: With macros handling repetitive tasks, users can focus on more complex and strategic aspects of their work.

  • Customization: Users can tailor macros to fit their specific needs and preferences, making them a highly flexible tool.

How to Record Macros

Recording macros in Excel can save you time and effort by automating repetitive tasks. Follow this step-by-step guide to learn how to record macros in Excel and some tips for efficient macro recording.

A. Step-by-step guide on how to record macros in Excel
  • Step 1: Open Excel and go to the "View" tab

    Click on "Macros" in the "Macros" group and select "Record Macro".

  • Step 2: Name your macro and assign a shortcut key

    Give your macro a descriptive name and choose a shortcut key to quickly run the macro.

  • Step 3: Choose where to store the macro

    Select either "This Workbook" to use the macro in the current workbook only, or "Personal Macro Workbook" to make the macro available in all workbooks.

  • Step 4: Record the actions you want to automate

    Perform the series of actions or commands that you want the macro to execute. Excel will record these actions and create the macro for you.

  • Step 5: Stop recording the macro

    Go back to the "View" tab, click on "Macros" in the "Macros" group, and select "Stop Recording" to finish recording the macro.

B. Tips for efficient macro recording
  • Keep it simple

    Try to keep your recorded macro simple and avoid recording complex or long series of actions.

  • Use relative references

    When recording your macro, use relative references instead of absolute references to ensure the macro works correctly in different contexts.

  • Test the macro

    After recording the macro, test it to ensure it performs the desired actions accurately.

  • Edit the macro if needed

    If the recorded macro needs adjustments, you can edit the VBA code associated with the macro to customize its behavior.

How to Edit Macros

Macros in Excel can be a powerful tool for automating repetitive tasks. However, sometimes you may need to edit them to customize their functionality. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to edit macros in Excel, as well as some best practices to keep in mind.

Step-by-step guide on how to edit macros in Excel

  • Step 1: To edit a macro in Excel, first, you need to access the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) editor. You can do this by pressing Alt + F11 on your keyboard, or by clicking on the "Developer" tab in the Excel ribbon and then selecting "Visual Basic".
  • Step 2: Once you are in the VBA editor, you can find the macro you want to edit by expanding the project tree on the left-hand side and double-clicking on the module that contains the macro.
  • Step 3: The VBA editor will open the macro in a new window. You can edit the macro code directly in this window, using the VBA programming language. Make the necessary changes to the code to customize the macro's functionality.
  • Step 4: After making the edits, you can close the VBA editor and return to Excel. Your macro has now been edited and updated with the changes you made.

Best practices for editing macros

  • Backup your workbook: Before making any edits to a macro, it's always a good practice to create a backup of your workbook. This way, if something goes wrong during the editing process, you can easily revert to the original version.
  • Test your changes: After editing a macro, it's important to thoroughly test its functionality to ensure that the changes you made work as intended. This can help prevent any errors or unexpected behavior when using the macro in your day-to-day work.
  • Document your edits: Keeping track of the changes you make to a macro can be helpful for future reference. Consider adding comments within the macro code to explain the purpose of the edits and any potential impact on the macro's functionality.

How to Run Macros

If you have a macro created in Excel, you can easily run it to automate repetitive tasks. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to run macros in Excel:

  • Step 1: Open the Excel workbook that contains the macro you want to run.
  • Step 2: Click on the "View" tab in the Excel Ribbon.
  • Step 3: In the "Macros" group, click on the "Macros" button.
  • Step 4: In the "Macros" dialog box, select the macro you want to run from the list of available macros.
  • Step 5: Click on the "Run" button to execute the selected macro.

Troubleshooting common issues when running macros

  • Issue 1: Security settings prevent macros from running.
  • Solution: Check the Trust Center settings in Excel and enable macros if they are disabled.
  • Issue 2: The macro contains errors and does not run as expected.
  • Solution: Use the "Step Into" feature in the Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) editor to debug and troubleshoot the macro code.
  • Issue 3: The macro is not located in the current workbook.
  • Solution: Ensure that the macro is stored in the correct workbook and that the workbook is open when attempting to run the macro.

Best Practices for Using Macros

When it comes to using macros in Excel, there are several best practices that can help you organize and manage them effectively, while also ensuring the security of your data.

Tips for organizing and managing macros in Excel

  • Use a naming convention: It's important to give your macros clear and descriptive names so that you can easily identify and understand their purpose.
  • Utilize modules: Consider organizing your macros into separate modules based on their functionality, making it easier to locate and manage them.
  • Document your macros: Provide comments within your VBA code to explain the purpose and functionality of each macro, making it easier for others to understand and maintain the code.
  • Create a macro library: Consider creating a centralized location for storing and managing your macros, making it easier to access and share them with others.

Security considerations when using macros in Excel

  • Enable macro security settings: Be sure to set the appropriate macro security level in Excel to help protect your computer from potentially harmful macros.
  • Be cautious with downloaded macros: Only enable macros from trusted sources and be cautious when downloading or running macros from the internet.
  • Regularly update and review macros: Keep your macros up to date and regularly review them to ensure they are functioning as intended and are not posing any security risks.
  • Consider digital signatures: Utilize digital signatures to verify the authenticity and integrity of your macros, providing an extra layer of security.


Using macros in Excel can greatly improve your efficiency and productivity when working with large amounts of data. Recap of the importance of macros in Excel, it is important to note that they can automate repetitive tasks and reduce the risk of errors, saving you time and effort in the long run. We encourage you to practice and explore using macros in Excel and discover the various ways they can streamline your workflow and improve your data management skills.

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