Excel Tutorial: How To Merge 3 Columns In Excel


When working with datasets in Excel, it's common to encounter the need to merge multiple columns into one. Whether you're consolidating information, preparing data for analysis, or simply organizing your spreadsheet, knowing how to merge columns in Excel is a valuable skill. In this blog post, we will cover the step-by-step process of merging 3 columns in Excel, providing you with a clear guide to streamline your data management tasks.

Key Takeaways

  • Merging columns in Excel is a valuable skill for data management tasks.
  • Proper selection and merging of columns is essential for efficient data organization.
  • Adjusting formatting and handling merged data for calculations are important post-merging steps.
  • Caution should be exercised when handling merged data for sorting and filtering.
  • Practice and experimentation with merging columns is key for proficiency in Excel.

Step 1: Selecting the columns to be merged

Before you can merge your columns in Excel, you need to select the specific columns you want to merge. Follow these steps to do so:

  • A. Open the Excel spreadsheet
  • First, open your Excel spreadsheet containing the columns you want to merge. This will allow you to access the data and make the necessary changes.

  • B. Identify the columns that need to be merged
  • Take a look at your spreadsheet and identify the columns that you want to merge. Make sure you know the exact location of each column and the data it contains.

  • C. Click and drag to select the columns
  • To select the columns you want to merge, click on the letter at the top of the first column, hold down the mouse button, and then drag across to the last column. This will highlight all the columns you want to merge.

Step 2: Merging the selected columns

Once you have selected the columns that you want to merge, the next step is to actually merge them together. Here's how you can do it:

  • A. Click on the "Merge & Center" option in the Home tab
  • To merge the selected columns, go to the Home tab in the Excel ribbon. Look for the "Merge & Center" option in the Alignment group.

  • B. Select "Merge Across" or "Merge Cells" depending on the specific layout
  • After clicking on the "Merge & Center" option, you will see a dropdown menu. From the dropdown menu, you can choose either "Merge Across" or "Merge Cells" depending on the specific layout of your data.

  • C. Choose the desired merge option from the dropdown menu
  • Once you have selected "Merge Across" or "Merge Cells," Excel will merge the selected columns together based on your choice. You can then choose the desired merge option from the dropdown menu to customize the appearance of the merged cells.

Step 3: Adjusting the formatting

After merging the three columns in Excel, it’s important to adjust the formatting to ensure that the merged cell looks clean and professional. Here’s how to do it:

A. Click on the merged cell

Once the three columns are merged, click on the resulting merged cell to select it.

B. Go to the Home tab and select the desired text formatting options

On the Excel ribbon, navigate to the Home tab. From here, you can choose from a variety of text formatting options such as font type, font size, bold, italic, underline, and text color to make the merged text look exactly how you want it to.

C. Adjust cell alignment as needed

Cell alignment can make a big difference in the presentation of your merged text. Use the alignment options in the Home tab to adjust the horizontal and vertical alignment of the text within the merged cell. This will help ensure that the text looks neat and is positioned exactly where you want it to be.

Step 4: Handling merged data for calculations

Once you have merged the necessary columns in Excel, it's important to know how to handle the merged data for calculations. Here are some tips on how to effectively manage merged data for calculations:

A. Use the CONCATENATE function if merging for text concatenation

If you have merged the columns for the purpose of combining text, such as merging first name, last name, and middle name to create a full name, you can use the CONCATENATE function. This function allows you to join the text from multiple cells into one cell, making it easier to manage and analyze the data.

B. Be cautious when using merged cells for calculations

When performing calculations on merged cells, it's important to exercise caution. Merged cells can cause issues with formulas and calculations, as Excel treats merged cells as a single entity. This can lead to errors in your calculations, so it's important to double-check your formulas and ensure they are taking into account the merged data properly.

C. Consider using helper columns for calculations involving merged data

If you find that performing calculations directly on merged cells is too complex or risky, consider using helper columns. Helper columns are additional columns in your spreadsheet where you can break down the merged data into individual components for easier calculations. For example, if you have merged the sales figures for multiple months, you can use helper columns to separate the data for each month and then perform your calculations.

Handling merged data for sorting and filtering

When working with merged cells in Excel, it's important to consider how sorting and filtering will impact the data.

A. Pay attention to sorting and filtering impacts of merged cells
  • Sorting: Merged cells can present challenges when sorting data, as Excel may not always interpret the merged cells as expected. This can lead to data being sorted incorrectly.
  • Filtering: Similarly, filtering data with merged cells can result in unexpected behaviors, as the filter may not apply as intended to the merged cells.

B. Use caution when applying sorting or filtering to merged cells

Due to the potential issues that can arise when sorting or filtering merged cells, it's important to exercise caution when applying these functions to your data. Always double-check the results to ensure that the sorting and filtering have been applied correctly.

C. Consider unmerging cells before sorting or filtering

If you encounter difficulties with sorting or filtering merged cells, it may be beneficial to unmerge the cells before applying these functions. This can help to ensure that the data is interpreted correctly and that the sorting and filtering produce the desired results.


In conclusion, merging columns in Excel is a useful skill that can streamline your data management process. Recap the key steps: selecting the columns to merge, using the concatenate function, and adjusting the formatting as needed. It is important to ensure that the merged data is properly formatted and handled to avoid any errors or confusion. I encourage you to practice and experiment with merging columns to enhance your proficiency and efficiency in Excel.

Happy merging!

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