Excel Tutorial: How To Merge 2 Sheets In Excel


Merging two sheets in Excel can be a crucial skill for anyone working with data. Whether you are combining information from different departments, or simply organizing your own data, knowing how to merge sheets is an essential tool for efficient data management. In this Excel tutorial, we will cover the step-by-step process of merging two sheets, allowing you to streamline your workflow and make the most out of your data.

Key Takeaways

  • Merging sheets in Excel is essential for efficient data management
  • Analyzing and understanding the data is crucial before merging sheets
  • Removing blank rows is important to ensure accuracy in the merged data
  • Using functions like VLOOKUP and tools like Power Query can streamline the merging process
  • Copy and paste can be used as a manual method for merging sheets, but may require more effort

Understanding the Data

Before merging two sheets in Excel, it is important to understand the data in each sheet and identify the common and unique columns.

A. Analyzing the content of the two sheets to be merged

Take a close look at the content of both sheets to understand the type of data they contain. This will help in determining the best approach for merging the sheets.

B. Identifying common and unique columns in both sheets

Identify the columns that are common to both sheets as well as the unique columns in each sheet. This will help in deciding how to merge the data without losing any important information.

Removing Blank Rows

When merging two sheets in Excel, it's important to clean up any blank rows to ensure a seamless integration of the data. Here's how you can easily remove those empty rows:

A. Locating blank rows in the sheets

To identify blank rows in your Excel sheets, you can use the following steps:

  • Step 1: Open the Excel sheet that you want to check for blank rows.
  • Step 2: Press Ctrl + End to navigate to the bottom right cell of the sheet. This will take you to the last cell containing data.
  • Step 3: Scroll up to visually inspect any blank rows between the last data row and the end of the sheet.

B. Using the filter function to hide and delete blank rows

If you have a large dataset, manually locating blank rows can be time-consuming. Instead, you can use the filter function to quickly identify and delete these rows:

  • Step 1: Select the entire dataset in your Excel sheet.
  • Step 2: Go to the Data tab and click on the Filter button.
  • Step 3: Look for the filter arrow in the first column of your data. Click on the arrow and uncheck the box next to (Blanks) in the dropdown menu. This will hide all the blank rows in your dataset.
  • Step 4: Select the visible rows (non-blank) and right-click to choose Delete from the context menu.
  • Step 5: Once you have deleted the blank rows, you can turn off the filter by clicking on the Filter button again.

Using the VLOOKUP Function

The VLOOKUP function in Excel is a powerful tool that allows users to merge data from two different sheets based on a common identifier. This function is particularly useful for consolidating information from multiple sources and creating a comprehensive dataset.

A. Understanding the purpose of the VLOOKUP function in merging data
  • Efficient Data Consolidation: The VLOOKUP function helps in bringing together related information from different sheets, making it easier to analyze and manage the data.
  • Accuracy and Precision: By using VLOOKUP, users can avoid manual errors that may occur during the merging process, ensuring the accuracy and precision of the final dataset.

B. Step-by-step guide on using VLOOKUP to merge data from two sheets
  • Step 1: Understanding the Setup
  • Before using the VLOOKUP function, it's important to have a clear understanding of the data structure in both sheets. Identify the common identifier (e.g., unique ID, product code) that can be used to match and merge the data.

  • Step 2: Inserting VLOOKUP Formula
  • In the target sheet where you want to merge the data, insert a new column where you want the merged data to appear. Use the VLOOKUP formula to search for the common identifier in the source sheet and retrieve the related information.

  • Step 3: Specifying Lookup Parameters
  • Specify the required parameters for the VLOOKUP function, including the lookup value (common identifier), table array (source sheet range of data), column index number (the column containing the desired data), and range lookup (exact or approximate match).

  • Step 4: Dragging the Formula
  • Once the VLOOKUP formula is set up for the first cell, drag it down to apply the formula to the entire column. This will automatically merge the corresponding data from the source sheet for each row.

  • Step 5: Handling Errors
  • Check for any errors or #N/A values that may appear as a result of unmatched data. These can be handled by using IFERROR or other error-handling functions to display alternative values or mark the unmatched entries.

Using the Power Query Tool

When it comes to merging data from multiple sheets in Excel, the Power Query tool is a powerful and efficient way to accomplish this task. This tool allows users to easily combine and transform data from different sources, including multiple sheets within the same workbook.

A. Introduction to the Power Query tool for merging data

The Power Query tool, also known as Get & Transform in newer versions of Excel, is a business intelligence tool that helps users to connect, transform, and load data for use in Excel. It provides a user-friendly interface for importing, transforming, and combining data from various sources, including multiple sheets.

B. Demonstrating how to use Power Query to combine data from multiple sheets

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to use Power Query to merge data from multiple sheets within an Excel workbook:

Step 1: Load the data into Power Query

  • Open the Excel workbook containing the sheets you want to merge.
  • Go to the Data tab and select "From Table/Range" to load the data from each sheet into Power Query.

Step 2: Combine the data from multiple sheets

  • In Power Query, select the first table of data and click on the "Append Queries" option to add the data from the other sheet.
  • Choose the sheets you want to append and click "OK" to combine the data.

Step 3: Transform and load the merged data

  • Once the data from multiple sheets is combined, you can apply any necessary transformations, such as removing duplicates or renaming columns.
  • Finally, click "Close & Load" to import the merged data back into Excel for further analysis and reporting.

Using Copy and Paste to Merge Sheets in Excel

Merging two sheets in Excel can be done manually through the copy and paste method. This allows you to combine data from two separate sheets into one, providing a comprehensive view of the information.

A. Explaining the manual method of merging sheets through copy and paste

To merge two sheets using copy and paste, start by opening both sheets in Excel. Then, navigate to the first sheet and select the data you want to merge. Right-click and choose "Copy" (or press Ctrl + C).

Next, switch to the second sheet where you want to merge the data. Click on the cell where you want to start pasting the copied data. Right-click and select "Paste" (or press Ctrl + V).

Repeat this process for each set of data you want to merge from the first sheet to the second sheet.

B. Providing tips for efficiently using copy and paste to merge data

When using the copy and paste method to merge sheets in Excel, it's important to keep a few tips in mind to ensure efficiency and accuracy:

  • Use Paste Special: Instead of simply pasting the data, consider using the "Paste Special" option to choose specific paste options such as values, formatting, or formulas.
  • Check for Duplicates: Before pasting data from one sheet to another, make sure to check for any duplicates that may already exist in the destination sheet to avoid overwriting or duplicating information.
  • Utilize Filters and Sorting: Before merging the data, use filters and sorting to organize the information in both sheets, which can make it easier to identify and merge relevant data.
  • Consider Using Formulas: In some cases, using formulas such as VLOOKUP or INDEX/MATCH may be more efficient than manually copying and pasting data, especially for larger datasets.


In conclusion, we have covered two methods for merging data in Excel. The first method involves using the 'Consolidate' function, which allows you to combine data from multiple sheets into one. The second method utilizes the 'Copy and Paste' technique, where you can simply copy the data from one sheet and paste it into another. Both methods are effective in merging data and can be used based on your specific needs.

As you continue to work with Excel, I encourage you to further explore and practice merging data using these methods. The more you practice, the more comfortable and efficient you will become in managing and analyzing data in Excel. So, keep exploring and honing your Excel skills!

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