Excel Tutorial: How To Merge 2 Rows In Excel


When working with large datasets in Excel, it's common to find the need to merge two rows into one. This process can help to condense information, create more organized spreadsheets, and make data easier to analyze. In this tutorial, we will explore the importance of merging rows in Excel and provide a step-by-step guide on how to accomplish this task.

Key Takeaways

  • Merging rows in Excel helps condense information and create organized spreadsheets
  • Unmerged rows can impact data analysis and visualization
  • Step-by-step guide for merging rows using "Merge & Center" feature and CONCATENATE function
  • Best practices include avoiding merging rows with different data types and double-checking for data loss
  • Address potential issues and troubleshooting tips for merging rows in Excel

Understanding the need to merge rows

When working with large sets of data in Excel, you may encounter situations where it becomes necessary to merge two or more rows. Understanding the need for this operation is crucial for maintaining data integrity and accuracy.

A. Discuss scenarios where merging rows is necessary
  • Merging duplicate data:

    In cases where duplicate data is entered into separate rows, merging these rows can help consolidate the information and avoid redundancy.
  • Combining related information:

    When dealing with multi-part records or related data spread across multiple rows, merging those rows can provide a more comprehensive view of the data.
  • Creating a summary:

    Merging rows can be useful for summarizing information and creating a condensed view of the data for reporting or analysis purposes.

B. Highlight the impact of unmerged rows on data analysis and visualization
  • Data inconsistency:

    Unmerged rows can lead to inconsistencies in data analysis, making it difficult to accurately interpret and draw conclusions from the data.
  • Cluttered visualization:

    When rows are not merged, visual representations of the data, such as charts and graphs, can appear cluttered and lack clarity, impacting the overall presentation of the information.
  • Lack of efficiency:

    Not merging rows can result in inefficiencies when working with the data, as it may require additional time and effort to process and make sense of unorganized information.

Step-by-step guide to merging 2 rows in Excel

When working with Excel, there may be instances where you need to merge two rows of data into one. This can be particularly useful when you want to create a header for a table or to combine information from separate rows. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

A. Open the Excel spreadsheet and locate the rows to be merged

Before you can merge the rows, you need to identify the specific rows in your Excel spreadsheet that you want to combine. This could be two consecutive rows with related information or any other combination that suits your needs.

B. Select the rows to be merged

Using your mouse, click and drag to select the entire two rows that you want to merge. You can do this by clicking on the row number on the left-hand side of the Excel window.

C. Use the "Merge & Center" feature under the Home tab

Once the rows are selected, navigate to the "Home" tab in the Excel ribbon. Look for the "Merge & Center" button in the "Alignment" group.

D. Specify if the merge includes or excludes the data in the selected cells

After clicking on the "Merge & Center" button, a drop-down menu will appear. Here, you can choose whether you want to merge the cells and include the data, or merge the cells and discard the data in the selected cells.

By following these simple steps, you can easily merge two rows in Excel to streamline your data and create a more organized spreadsheet.

Alternative method: using CONCATENATE function

The CONCATENATE function in Excel allows users to combine the text from two or more cells into one cell. This function is particularly useful when merging rows in Excel.

Explain the CONCATENATE function in Excel

The CONCATENATE function in Excel is used to join two or more text strings into one string. It takes multiple arguments and concatenates them into a single string. This function is useful when you want to combine the text from different cells into one cell without losing any of the original data.

Provide a step-by-step guide on how to use CONCATENATE to merge rows

  • First, select the cell where you want the merged text to appear.
  • Next, type in the CONCATENATE function, followed by an opening parenthesis.
  • Select the first cell containing the text you want to merge, type a comma, and then select the second cell.
  • Continue this process for as many cells as you need to merge, separating each one with a comma.
  • Close the parenthesis and press Enter.

Highlight the advantages of using CONCATENATE for merging rows

Using CONCATENATE to merge rows in Excel offers several advantages. It allows you to combine the text from multiple cells into one without losing any of the original data. This can be particularly useful when dealing with large datasets or when you need to consolidate information from different sources into a single cell. Additionally, the CONCATENATE function provides a quick and efficient way to merge rows without the need for complex formulas or manual copying and pasting.

Best practices for merging rows in Excel

Merging rows in Excel can be a useful tool for formatting and organizing your data. However, it's important to follow best practices to avoid any potential data loss or formatting issues.

A. Avoid merging rows with different data types

  • Do not merge cells that contain different types of data, such as text and numbers, as this can lead to data loss or incorrect calculations.
  • Make sure that the cells you want to merge all contain similar types of data, such as text or numbers, to avoid any potential issues.

B. Double-check the merged cells for any data loss or formatting issues

  • After merging cells, carefully review the content to ensure that no data has been lost or altered during the merging process.
  • Check for any formatting issues, such as font size or alignment, that may have occurred as a result of the merge.

C. Consider using merge as a formatting option rather than for data manipulation

  • Instead of using merge to manipulate data, consider using it as a formatting tool to improve the visual appearance of your spreadsheet.
  • Use merge to create headers, titles, or labels, rather than to combine cells containing important data.

Potential issues and how to troubleshoot

When merging rows in Excel, you may encounter several common problems that can impede the process. Understanding these issues and knowing how to troubleshoot them can help you efficiently merge rows without any errors.

Below are the potential issues and their respective solutions:

Address common problems that may arise when merging rows

  • Mismatched cell formats: One common issue that may arise when merging rows is having mismatched cell formats. This can occur when attempting to merge cells with different formats, such as text and number formats.
  • Blanks or empty cells: Another issue is dealing with blank or empty cells, which may disrupt the merging process and result in unexpected outcomes.
  • Protected cells: If the cells you are trying to merge are protected, you may encounter an error in the merging process.

Offer solutions for troubleshooting errors during the merging process

  • Standardize cell formats: To address the issue of mismatched cell formats, ensure that the cells you want to merge have the same format. You can do this by formatting the cells to the desired format before merging them.
  • Fill in empty cells: To avoid problems caused by blank or empty cells, fill in any necessary information in the cells before attempting to merge them. This will ensure a smooth merging process.
  • Unprotect cells: If the cells you are trying to merge are protected, you will need to unprotect them before proceeding with the merging process. Once the cells are unprotected, you can merge them without encountering any errors.

Provide resources for further assistance if needed

  • If you encounter more complex issues or require further assistance with merging rows in Excel, you can refer to the official Microsoft Excel support page for in-depth tutorials and troubleshooting guides.
  • Online forums and communities dedicated to Excel users can also offer valuable insights and solutions to specific problems related to merging rows in Excel.


In conclusion, merging 2 rows in Excel is a simple process that can help organize your data more effectively. By selecting the cells of the rows you want to merge, using the "Merge & Center" option, and adjusting the alignment as needed, you can easily combine the content of two rows into one. Proper data management is crucial for ensuring accuracy and efficiency in Excel, so it's important to practice merging rows and other data management skills. I encourage you to continue learning and seeking additional Excel tutorials to further improve your skills and become a proficient Excel user.

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