Excel Tutorial: How To Make Levey Jennings Chart In Excel


If you work in the field of quality control or process monitoring, you may be familiar with the Levey Jennings chart. This powerful tool is used to analyze and monitor the stability and consistency of a process over time. By plotting data points on a Levey Jennings chart, you can easily identify any trends, shifts, or outliers in your data, allowing you to make informed decisions about the quality of your processes. In this Excel tutorial, we will guide you through the process of creating a Levey Jennings chart in Excel, providing you with a valuable tool for maintaining quality control in your work.

Key Takeaways

  • A Levey Jennings chart is a valuable tool for analyzing and monitoring the stability and consistency of a process over time in quality control and process monitoring.
  • By plotting data points on a Levey Jennings chart, trends, shifts, and outliers in the data can be easily identified, enabling informed decisions about process quality.
  • Understanding the data and organizing it in Excel is crucial for creating an effective Levey Jennings chart.
  • Interpreting the chart involves understanding the centerline, control limits, and data points to identify potential issues and trends in the process.
  • Utilizing the insights from the Levey Jennings chart can lead to improvements in quality control processes and facilitate the monitoring of process performance.

Understanding the Data

Creating a Levey Jennings chart in Excel requires a clear understanding of the data to be used and how to organize it effectively. Let's break down the key points:

A. Explanation of the data needed for creating a Levey Jennings chart

Before diving into creating a Levey Jennings chart, it's crucial to have the right data on hand. This typically includes the target or mean value, as well as the standard deviation and the data points for each control measurement. Understanding how these components fit together is essential for accurate chart creation.

B. Tips for organizing the data in Excel to facilitate chart creation

Once you have the necessary data, organizing it in Excel is the next step. Consider using separate columns for the target value, the control measurements, and any calculations for standard deviation. Keeping the data organized will make it easier to create the Levey Jennings chart and make adjustments as needed.

Creating the Chart

When it comes to creating a Levey Jennings chart in Excel, it's important to follow a step-by-step guide to ensure accuracy and precision in your data representation. Here's a breakdown of how to create this type of chart:

A. Step-by-step guide on how to create a Levey Jennings chart in Excel
  • Begin by organizing your data in Excel, making sure to include date, control values, and mean/standard deviation columns.
  • Select the data range that you want to use for the chart, including the control values and dates.
  • Go to the "Insert" tab on the Excel ribbon and select "Scatter" from the chart options.
  • Choose the "Scatter with Straight Lines" chart sub-type to create the initial scatter plot.
  • Right-click on the chart and select "Select Data" to add the mean and standard deviation data sets.
  • Click "Add" to input the mean data range, and then "Edit" to specify the horizontal (category axis) labels.
  • Repeat the process for the standard deviation data range, and then adjust the chart's horizontal and vertical axis labels as needed.
  • Format the chart title, axes, gridlines, and other design elements to fit the Levey Jennings chart format.

B. Utilizing Excel's chart features to customize the appearance and layout of the chart
  • Excel offers a range of customization options for charts, allowing you to tailor the appearance and layout to your specific needs.
  • Experiment with different chart styles, colors, and markers to make the data points and lines stand out clearly.
  • Adjust the axis scales and intervals to ensure the chart's visual representation accurately reflects the data range and variations.
  • Utilize Excel's chart tools and formatting options to add data labels, trend lines, or other enhancements to the Levey Jennings chart.
  • Consider using Excel's "Chart Elements" feature to add or remove chart elements such as legends, data tables, or error bars.

Interpreting the Chart

Once you have created a Levey Jennings chart in Excel, it is important to be able to interpret the chart effectively in order to gain valuable insights into your data. Understanding the centerline, control limits, and data points on the chart is crucial for this purpose.

A. Understanding the centerline, control limits, and data points on the chart
  • Centerline: The centerline on the Levey Jennings chart represents the average or mean value of the data. It provides a reference point for assessing the variability of the data.
  • Control Limits: The control limits, typically represented as three standard deviations above and below the centerline, indicate the expected range of variation in the data. Any data points outside these limits may indicate potential issues or trends.
  • Data Points: The individual data points plotted on the chart represent the actual measurements or observations over time. These points are used to evaluate the stability and consistency of the process.

B. Identifying trends, shifts, and outliers in the data using the Levey Jennings chart
  • Trends: By observing the overall pattern of data points over time, you can identify any gradual shifts or trends in the process. Upward or downward trends may indicate changes in the mean value of the data.
  • Shifts: Sudden changes or shifts in the data points, particularly those crossing the control limits, may signal variations in the process that require further investigation and corrective action.
  • Outliers: Data points that fall outside the control limits or are significantly different from the rest of the data can be considered as outliers. These outliers may represent unusual or unexpected variations in the process.

Utilizing Chart for Quality Control

Quality control is an essential aspect of any process, ensuring that products or services meet certain standards and requirements. One effective tool for quality control is the Levey Jennings chart, which allows for the visual representation of data to monitor process performance and identify potential issues.

Applying the insights from the chart to improve quality control processes

  • Visualizing Data: The Levey Jennings chart provides a clear visual representation of data, making it easier to identify trends, patterns, and outliers.
  • Identifying Variation: By analyzing the data on the chart, quality control professionals can identify any variation in the process, helping to pinpoint potential causes and areas for improvement.
  • Setting Control Limits: Utilizing the chart allows for the establishment of control limits, enabling organizations to define acceptable variation and take corrective action when necessary.

Using the chart to monitor process performance and identify potential issues

  • Real-time Monitoring: The Levey Jennings chart enables real-time monitoring of process performance, allowing for immediate action to be taken in response to any deviations from the expected values.
  • Early Detection of Issues: By regularly reviewing the chart, quality control professionals can identify potential issues before they escalate, minimizing the impact on product quality and customer satisfaction.
  • Continuous Improvement: The insights gained from the chart can be used to drive continuous improvement efforts, helping organizations to enhance their processes and deliver consistent, high-quality products or services.

Best Practices for Levey Jennings Charts in Excel

When using Levey Jennings charts in Excel, it’s important to follow best practices to ensure accuracy and usefulness. Here are some tips to effectively use and maintain these charts:

A. Tips for effectively using and maintaining Levey Jennings charts in Excel
  • 1. Understand the purpose: Before creating a Levey Jennings chart, it’s essential to understand its purpose in statistical process control. This will help in effectively interpreting the chart and making informed decisions based on the data.
  • 2. Choose the right data: Select the appropriate data set for your Levey Jennings chart, ensuring that it is relevant to the process being monitored and is representative of the variation that occurs.
  • 3. Use consistent formatting: Maintain consistency in formatting when plotting data points on the chart. This includes consistent use of data markers, axis labels, and chart titles.
  • 4. Update and review regularly: Regularly update the data and review the chart to ensure its accuracy and relevancy. This includes incorporating new data points and removing outdated ones.

B. Incorporating feedback and data updates to ensure the chart remains accurate and useful
  • 1. Seek feedback: Involving relevant stakeholders and experts in the process can provide valuable insights for improving the chart and ensuring its usefulness in monitoring process variation.
  • 2. Incorporate new data: As new data becomes available, update the Levey Jennings chart to reflect the latest trends and variation. This will ensure that the chart remains accurate and relevant for decision-making.
  • 3. Validate data sources: When incorporating feedback and data updates, it’s important to validate the sources to ensure the integrity and accuracy of the information being used.


Recap: Levey Jennings charts are an essential tool for monitoring the quality control processes in various industries. They allow for the easy identification of trends, shifts, and outliers in data, enabling organizations to maintain quality assurance and make informed decisions.

Encouragement: I encourage all readers to apply the Excel tutorial on making Levey Jennings charts to their own quality control processes. By doing so, you can harness the power of data visualization to improve your organization's quality management and ultimately enhance customer satisfaction.

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