Excel Tutorial: How To Make Excel Solver Run Faster


Excel Solver is a powerful tool that allows users to find the optimal solution for a particular set of variables, considering constraints and minimizing or maximizing a specific target. However, as with any complex function, the time it takes to run Solver can sometimes be a major bottleneck in your workflow. In this tutorial, we will explore some important tips and tricks to optimize Excel Solver for faster performance, helping you save time and improve efficiency in your data analysis and decision-making processes.

Key Takeaways

  • Optimizing Excel Solver for faster performance can save time and improve efficiency in data analysis and decision-making processes.
  • Reducing complexity of the model and using manual calculation mode are effective tips for improving Solver's speed.
  • Minimizing the use of volatile functions and optimizing complex formulas can also contribute to faster performance.
  • Efficient data organization, named ranges, and utilization of hardware and software resources are key strategies for optimizing Excel Solver.
  • Regular updating of Excel and Solver to the latest version is important for maximizing performance.

Understanding Excel Solver

Excel Solver is a powerful tool that allows users to find the optimal solution to a problem by changing multiple variables within a set of constraints. It is commonly used for optimization and decision-making in various business and engineering applications.

Explanation of how Excel Solver works

Excel Solver uses a mathematical technique called linear programming to find the best possible solution based on a defined objective function and a set of constraints. It does this by iteratively changing the values of the decision variables to minimize or maximize the objective function, while ensuring that all constraints are satisfied.

Common issues causing slow performance

While Excel Solver is a powerful tool, it can sometimes run slowly, especially when dealing with large datasets or complex models. Some common issues that can cause slow performance include:

  • Large number of decision variables and constraints

  • Complexity of the objective function

  • Using non-linear functions or integer constraints

  • Inefficient use of Excel formulas

  • Hardware limitations

Tips for optimizing Excel Solver

When using Excel Solver to solve complex optimization problems, it can sometimes run slowly, especially with large and complex models. To improve the performance of Excel Solver, consider the following tips:

A. Reduce complexity of the model
  • Use simpler formulas: Complex formulas can slow down the solver. Simplify the formulas in your model to improve performance.
  • Reduce the number of decision variables: The more decision variables in the model, the longer it will take for Solver to find a solution. Try to reduce the number of decision variables if possible.

B. Use manual calculation mode
  • Turn off automatic calculation: In Excel, go to the Formulas tab, click on Calculation Options, and select Manual. This will prevent Excel from recalculating the worksheet every time a change is made, which can speed up the Solver.

C. Limit the number of adjustable cells and constraints
  • Reduce the number of adjustable cells: The more adjustable cells in the model, the longer it will take for Solver to find a solution. Limit the number of adjustable cells to improve performance.
  • Limit the number of constraints: Similar to adjustable cells, a large number of constraints can slow down Solver. Try to limit the number of constraints in your model.

D. Use Solver options effectively
  • Choose appropriate solving method: Excel Solver offers different solving methods such as Simplex LP, GRG Nonlinear, and Evolutionary. Experiment with different solving methods to find the one that works best for your model.
  • Adjust convergence and iteration options: In the Solver Options dialog box, you can adjust the convergence and iteration options to control the precision and speed of the Solver. Experiment with these options to find the right balance between speed and accuracy.

Utilizing efficient formulas and functions

When using Excel Solver, it’s important to utilize efficient formulas and functions to ensure that it runs faster and more effectively. Here are some key strategies to consider:

A. Minimize the use of volatile functions

  • Volatility in Excel refers to functions that recalculate every time there is a change in the worksheet, even if the change doesn’t affect the function itself. Examples of volatile functions include NOW(), TODAY(), and RAND().
  • Minimizing the use of volatile functions in your Solver model can help reduce the amount of recalculation required, ultimately improving performance.

B. Optimize complex formulas

  • Complex formulas, especially those that involve nested functions or large data ranges, can significantly slow down the performance of Excel Solver.
  • Consider breaking down complex formulas into smaller, more manageable parts, or utilizing helper columns to simplify the calculations.

C. Avoid unnecessary array formulas

  • While array formulas can be powerful, they can also be resource-intensive and slow down the performance of Excel Solver, especially when dealing with large datasets.
  • Avoid using array formulas unless absolutely necessary, and consider alternative methods such as using Excel’s built-in functions or pivot tables to achieve the same results more efficiently.

Data organization and structure

When it comes to making Excel Solver run faster, the organization and structure of your data play a crucial role. Here are some key points to consider:

A. Ensure data is organized efficiently
  • Make sure that the data you are working with is well-organized and free from any unnecessary clutter.
  • Use separate sheets for input data, constraints, and output to keep things organized.
  • Remove any blank rows or columns to streamline the data structure.

B. Use named ranges for clarity and efficiency
  • Assigning names to ranges can make references in the Solver dialog box much clearer and easier to manage.
  • Named ranges can also improve the overall performance of the Solver by reducing the need for complex cell references.

C. Normalize data if necessary
  • If your data is not already normalized, consider restructuring it to eliminate redundancy and improve efficiency.
  • Normalization can help reduce data duplication and streamline the Solver process.

Utilizing hardware and software resources

When it comes to optimizing the performance of Excel Solver, it's important to make the most of your hardware and software resources. By utilizing multicore processors, optimizing memory usage, and keeping your Excel and Solver updated to the latest version, you can significantly improve the speed and efficiency of your solver runs.

A. Utilize multicore processors
  • Enable multi-threaded calculations: In Excel, go to File > Options > Advanced, and then under the Formulas section, check the box for "Enable multi-threaded calculations." This will allow Excel to take advantage of the multiple cores in your processor for faster calculations.
  • Use parallelism in Solver: When setting up your Solver model, consider breaking it into smaller, independent sub-problems that can be solved in parallel. This can be especially useful for large, complex models.

B. Optimize memory usage
  • Minimize unnecessary calculations: Reduce the number of unnecessary calculations in your Excel workbook by using formulas and functions efficiently. For example, consider using the IFERROR function to prevent unnecessary recalculations of error-prone formulas.
  • Clear memory cache: Periodically closing and reopening large workbooks can help clear the memory cache and free up resources for faster Solver runs.

C. Update Excel and Solver to the latest version
  • Check for updates: Keep your Excel and Solver software up to date by regularly checking for and installing the latest updates and patches from Microsoft. These updates often include performance improvements and bug fixes that can help speed up Solver runs.
  • Consider upgrading hardware: If you're using an older computer or running into performance issues with very large Solver models, consider upgrading to a newer, more powerful computer with a faster processor and more RAM to improve Solver performance.


Optimizing Excel Solver for faster performance is crucial for efficiently solving complex optimization problems. By following a few key strategies, you can significantly improve Solver's speed and enhance your overall experience with Excel.

In summary, to make Excel Solver run faster, you should consider reducing complexity in your model, using better initial values, and limiting the solution search space. Additionally, enabling multi-threaded calculations and regularly updating to the latest version of Excel can also contribute to faster Solver performance.

We encourage you to implement these strategies in your Excel Solver usage to streamline your optimization processes and save valuable time and resources. By doing so, you'll be able to tackle complex problems more efficiently and unlock the full potential of Excel Solver.

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