Excel Tutorial: How To Make Everything Fit In Excel


When it comes to using Excel, ensuring that everything fits is essential for keeping your data organized and easily accessible. Whether it's text, numbers, or images, fitting content in Excel can be a challenge, especially when dealing with large amounts of data. In this tutorial, we'll explore the importance of making everything fit in Excel and provide tips and tricks for overcoming the challenges.

Key Takeaways

  • Adjusting column width and row height is essential for organizing data in Excel
  • Merging and centering cells can be used to create visually appealing spreadsheets
  • Text wrap feature helps in improving readability of content in Excel
  • Optimizing page layout and using autofit feature can make data fit for printing and viewing
  • Practicing these tips and techniques will help in effectively managing content in Excel

Understanding Column Width and Row Height

When working with Excel, it's essential to understand how to adjust column width and row height to ensure that everything fits in the spreadsheet. Whether you're dealing with large amounts of data or trying to make your charts look just right, knowing how to adjust these dimensions can make a world of difference in the overall appearance and functionality of your Excel workbooks.

Explanation of Adjusting Column Width and Row Height in Excel

Column width refers to the horizontal space allocated to a particular column, while row height pertains to the vertical space assigned to a specific row. By adjusting these dimensions, you can ensure that your data is clearly visible and that your spreadsheet is well-organized.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Adjust Column Width and Row Height

Adjusting column width and row height in Excel is a relatively simple process. To adjust column width, simply place your cursor on the right border of the column header until it turns into a double-headed arrow, then click and drag to the desired width. To adjust row height, do the same with the bottom border of the row header.

Alternatively, you can also use the "Format" menu in Excel to specify exact column widths and row heights, ensuring uniform dimensions throughout your spreadsheet.

Tips for Setting the Perfect Column Width and Row Height

  • Consider the content: Take into account the type of content in each column and row when determining their dimensions. For example, columns with long text may require wider widths, while rows with large numbers may need greater heights.
  • Use autofit: Excel offers an "Autofit" feature that automatically adjusts the column width or row height to fit the content within. This can be a quick and effective way to ensure everything fits neatly in your spreadsheet.
  • Check for readability: Make sure that your data is easily readable by adjusting column widths and row heights to eliminate any unnecessary scrolling or truncation of information.

Merging and Centering Cells

In Excel, merging and centering cells allows you to combine multiple cells into one and then align the contents of the merged cell to the center. This can be useful when you want to create a title or header that spans across multiple columns or rows.

A. Explanation of merging cells in excel

Merging cells in Excel refers to the process of combining two or more adjacent cells into a single larger cell. The contents of the merged cells are then centered within the new, larger cell.

B. Step-by-step guide on how to merge and center cells

  • Select the cells you want to merge. Keep in mind that only adjacent cells can be merged.
  • Go to the Home tab on the Excel ribbon.
  • Click on the Merge & Center dropdown button in the Alignment group.
  • Choose one of the following options:
    • Merge & Center: This will merge the selected cells and center the contents.
    • Merge Across: This will merge the cells in each row individually but keep the columns separate.
    • Merge Cells: This will merge the selected cells without centering the contents.
    • Unmerge Cells: This will unmerge any merged cells in the selection.

C. Tips for effectively using merge and center feature

  • Use merged and centered cells sparingly, as they can make it more difficult to sort and filter data.
  • Consider using merged and centered cells for titles, headers, or labels to make them stand out in your spreadsheet.
  • If you need to merge cells for formatting purposes, but still want to keep the contents separate, consider using the "Merge Across" option.

Using Text Wrap

In Excel, the text wrap feature allows you to display long text within a cell without it overflowing into adjacent cells. This can be particularly useful when dealing with lengthy descriptions, comments, or notes within your spreadsheet.

A. Explanation of the text wrap feature in excel

The text wrap feature in Excel essentially adjusts the height of the cell to fit the entire text within it, without affecting the width of the cell or neighboring cells. This ensures that all the content is visible within the designated cell.

B. Step-by-step guide on how to use text wrap

  • Select the cell: Begin by selecting the cell or range of cells where you want the text to be wrapped.
  • Go to the Home tab: Navigate to the Home tab on the Excel ribbon at the top of the window.
  • Click on the Wrap Text button: In the Alignment group, locate the Wrap Text button and click on it. Alternatively, you can use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + 1 to open the Format Cells dialog box, then go to the Alignment tab and check the "Wrap text" box.

C. Tips for applying text wrap for better readability

When using text wrap in Excel, keep the following tips in mind for improved readability:

  • Use it sparingly: Avoid excessive use of text wrap, as it can make the spreadsheet look cluttered. Reserve it for cells with longer text that require wrapping.
  • Adjust row height: After applying text wrap, you may need to adjust the row height to ensure that the entire text is visible.
  • Use in conjunction with other formatting: Text wrap can be used in conjunction with other formatting features, such as merging cells or adjusting column width, to create a well-organized and visually appealing spreadsheet.

Adjusting Page Layout

Excel provides several options for adjusting the page layout to ensure that everything fits perfectly. Whether you're preparing a spreadsheet for printing or simply need to fit the data on your screen, understanding these settings can greatly improve your efficiency in using Excel.

A. Explanation of adjusting page layout settings in excel

Adjusting page layout settings in Excel allows you to control how your spreadsheet will appear when printed or viewed on the screen. This includes options for adjusting margins, orientation, and scaling to fit everything within the designated page size.

B. Step-by-step guide on how to adjust page layout for printing and viewing

To adjust the page layout for printing and viewing, follow these step-by-step instructions:

  • 1. Adjusting Margins: Click on the "Page Layout" tab, then select "Margins" to choose from preset margin options or customize your own.
  • 2. Changing Orientation: Under the "Page Layout" tab, click on "Orientation" to switch between portrait and landscape modes.
  • 3. Scaling to Fit: In the "Page Layout" tab, select "Scale to Fit" to adjust the print scaling options to fit your spreadsheet on a specified number of pages.

C. Tips for optimizing page layout for different purposes

When optimizing page layout for different purposes, consider the following tips:

  • 1. Printing: Use the "Print Preview" feature to see how your spreadsheet will look when printed and make adjustments accordingly to fit everything on the page.
  • 2. Viewing on Screen: Adjust the zoom level to fit more data on the screen without sacrificing readability, especially for large or complicated spreadsheets.
  • 3. Customizing Headers and Footers: Utilize the "Header & Footer" tools to add important information, such as page numbers and titles, to your printed spreadsheets.

Excel Tutorial: How to make everything fit in excel

Using Autofit Feature

Explanation of the autofit feature in excel

The autofit feature in Excel allows users to automatically adjust the width or height of a cell or range of cells to fit the content within it. This can be extremely helpful when working with large data sets or when dealing with text that doesn't fit within the default column or row size.

Step-by-step guide on how to use autofit for columns and rows

  • Select the column or row you want to autofit by clicking on the letter or number associated with it.
  • Go to the "Home" tab in the Excel ribbon and locate the "Format" button in the "Cells" group.
  • Click on the "Format" button and select "AutoFit Column Width" or "AutoFit Row Height" from the dropdown menu.
  • Alternatively, you can also right-click on the selected column or row and choose "AutoFit Column Width" or "AutoFit Row Height" from the context menu.

Tips for efficiently using autofit to make everything fit

  • Use the "Ctrl" key to select multiple columns or rows at once and then apply the autofit feature to all of them simultaneously.
  • Remember that autofitting a column or row will adjust its size based on the content in the cells. If you later add more text or data, you may need to reapply the autofit feature to ensure everything still fits properly.
  • Consider using the "Wrap Text" feature in combination with autofit to ensure that all the text in a cell is visible without changing the column width.


Ensuring that everything fits in Excel is crucial for creating organized and visually appealing spreadsheets. By following the key tips and techniques outlined in this tutorial, such as adjusting column width, using the wrap text feature, and merging cells judiciously, you can optimize the layout of your data and improve readability. I encourage you to practice and apply these strategies to your own Excel projects, as doing so will undoubtedly enhance the professionalism and usability of your spreadsheets.

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