Excel Tutorial: How To Create A Excel Worksheet


Excel is a crucial tool for professionals in various industries, allowing for efficient organization, analysis, and presentation of data. Whether you're a student, an entry-level employee, or a seasoned executive, Excel proficiency is a valuable skill to have. In this tutorial, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to create an Excel worksheet, covering the basics for beginners and serving as a refresher for those looking to enhance their skills.

Key Takeaways

  • Excel proficiency is a valuable skill for professionals in various industries.
  • This tutorial provides a step-by-step guide for creating an Excel worksheet, suitable for beginners and as a refresher for those looking to enhance their skills.
  • Setting up the Excel worksheet involves creating a new workbook, naming, and saving it.
  • Formatting the worksheet includes adjusting column width, applying cell styles, adding headers and footers.
  • Entering data, using formulas and functions, and creating charts and graphs are important aspects covered in this tutorial.

Setting up the Excel worksheet

Excel is a powerful tool for creating and organizing data in the form of a spreadsheet. Here's how to set up a new worksheet in Excel.

A. Opening Excel and creating a new workbook

To get started, open Excel on your computer. Once the program is open, you can create a new workbook by clicking on the "File" menu and selecting "New" from the dropdown menu. This will open a new, blank workbook for you to begin working in.

B. Naming and saving the workbook

Once you have created a new workbook, it's important to name and save it so that you can easily access it later. To do this, click on the "File" menu and select "Save As" from the dropdown menu. You can then choose a name for your workbook and select a location on your computer to save it.

Formatting the worksheet

When creating an Excel worksheet, it’s important to format it in a way that makes it easy to read and understand. This includes adjusting column width and row height, applying cell styles and formatting options, and adding headers and footers.

Adjusting column width and row height

  • Column width: To adjust the width of a column, simply click on the header of the column and drag it to the desired width. You can also double-click on the right border of the column header to automatically fit the column to the widest cell content.
  • Row height: Similarly, you can adjust the height of a row by clicking on the border of the row header and dragging it to the desired height. Double-clicking on the bottom border of the row header will automatically fit the row to the tallest cell content.

Applying cell styles and formatting options

  • Cell styles: Excel offers a variety of pre-defined cell styles that you can apply to your worksheet. To do this, select the cells you want to format and then choose a style from the “Cell Styles” section in the “Home” tab.
  • Formatting options: You can also customize the appearance of your cells by using formatting options such as font, borders, shading, and number formats. These can be found in the “Font,” “Alignment,” and “Number” sections in the “Home” tab.

Adding headers and footers

  • Headers: To add a header to your worksheet, go to the “Insert” tab and click on “Header & Footer.” This will open the header section where you can type in your desired header text and format it as needed.
  • Footers: Similarly, you can add a footer to your worksheet by clicking on “Footer” in the “Insert” tab and entering your desired footer text.

Entering data into the worksheet

When creating an Excel worksheet, the first step is to enter the necessary data. Here are a few ways to input data into your worksheet:

Typing text, numbers, and dates into cells

One of the most straightforward methods of entering data into an Excel worksheet is by typing directly into the cells. Simply click on the cell where you want to enter the data and start typing. You can input text, numbers, and dates as needed.

Copying and pasting data

If you have data already available in another document or spreadsheet, you can easily copy and paste it into your Excel worksheet. Select the data you want to copy, right-click, choose "Copy," then navigate to the cell where you want to paste the data, right-click, and choose "Paste." This method is useful for transferring large amounts of data into your worksheet quickly.

Using the fill handle for quick data entry

Excel's fill handle is a powerful tool for quickly entering data into a worksheet. To use the fill handle, simply enter the first piece of data into a cell, then click and drag the small square located in the bottom-right corner of the cell to fill adjacent cells with a series of numbers, dates, or text. This feature is especially useful for creating sequences or copying down formulas across multiple cells.

Using formulas and functions

In Excel, formulas and functions are essential for performing calculations and analyzing data. Understanding how to write basic formulas, exploring common functions, and mastering cell references can greatly enhance your ability to work with Excel worksheets.

A. Writing basic arithmetic formulas
  • Adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing

  • Basic arithmetic formulas in Excel involve using the operators +, -, *, and / to perform calculations. For example, =A1+B1 will add the values in cell A1 and B1 together.

B. Exploring common functions such as SUM, AVERAGE, and IF
  • SUM function

  • The SUM function allows you to quickly add up a range of cells. For example, =SUM(A1:A10) will add the values in cells A1 through A10.

  • AVERAGE function

  • The AVERAGE function calculates the average value of a range of cells. For example, =AVERAGE(A1:A10) will give you the average of the values in cells A1 through A10.

  • IF function

  • The IF function allows you to perform a logical test and return different values based on the result. For example, =IF(A1>10, "Yes", "No") will return "Yes" if the value in cell A1 is greater than 10, otherwise it will return "No".

C. Understanding absolute and relative cell references
  • Absolute cell references

  • Using a dollar sign ($) before the column and/or row reference in a formula makes it absolute. This means that when the formula is copied to other cells, the reference will not change. For example, =$A$1 will always refer to cell A1, regardless of where the formula is copied.

  • Relative cell references

  • When a formula is copied to other cells, relative cell references will adjust based on their new location. For example, =A1 will change to =A2 if the formula is copied to the cell below.

Creating charts and graphs

Charts and graphs are essential tools for visually representing data in an Excel worksheet. They can help users quickly understand and interpret the information in the spreadsheet. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to create charts and graphs in Excel:

A. Selecting data for the chart

Before creating a chart, you need to select the data you want to include in the chart. This can be done by clicking and dragging to highlight the cells containing the data.

  • Selecting a range of cells: Click on the first cell, hold down the mouse button, and then drag to the last cell you want to include in the chart.
  • Selecting non-adjacent cells: Hold down the Ctrl key and click on the cells you want to include in the chart.

B. Choosing a chart type

Once the data is selected, you can choose the type of chart you want to create based on the data and the insights you want to convey.

  • Inserting a chart: Go to the "Insert" tab on the Excel ribbon, click on the "Chart" option, and select the desired chart type from the dropdown menu.
  • Choosing the right chart type: Consider the nature of your data (e.g., categorical, numerical, time-based) and the message you want to communicate. For example, use a pie chart for showing proportions, a bar chart for comparing categories, and a line chart for tracking trends over time.

C. Formatting and customizing the chart

After creating the chart, you can customize its appearance and layout to make it more visually appealing and easier to understand.

  • Chart styles: Choose from a variety of pre-defined chart styles to change the appearance of the chart.
  • Data labels and titles: Add and format data labels, axis labels, and chart titles to provide context and explanation for the chart.
  • Chart elements: Modify and add chart elements such as axes, gridlines, and legends to enhance the chart's readability.


In conclusion, we have covered the basics of creating an Excel worksheet, including how to input data, format cells, and customize the layout. It's important to practice and become familiar with these features in order to efficiently use Excel for various tasks. As you continue to use Excel, I also encourage you to explore more advanced features such as formulas, functions, and chart creation to further enhance your skills and productivity.

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