# Excel Tutorial: How To Create A Excel Spreadsheet With Formulas

## Introduction

Excel spreadsheets are essential tools for organizing and analyzing data in a business or personal setting. Whether you're tracking expenses, creating a budget, or analyzing sales figures, Excel can help you keep your data organized and make calculations easily. In this tutorial, we will provide an overview of how to create an Excel spreadsheet with formulas, allowing you to perform calculations and automate tasks within your data.

## Key Takeaways

• Excel spreadsheets are essential for organizing and analyzing data in various settings.
• This tutorial provides an overview of creating Excel spreadsheets with formulas to automate tasks and perform calculations.
• Basic Excel functions, formulas, and using functions are covered in this tutorial.
• Formatting and customizing the spreadsheet, as well as advanced Excel features, are also discussed.
• Readers are encouraged to practice and explore more advanced Excel functions to further enhance their skills.

## Basic Excel functions

Excel is a powerful tool for organizing and analyzing data. In this tutorial, we will cover the basic functions of Excel, including creating a new spreadsheet, inputting data into cells, and navigating between cells and worksheets.

A. How to create a new spreadsheet

Creating a new spreadsheet in Excel is the first step in utilizing its functions. To create a new spreadsheet, open Excel and click on the "File" tab at the top left corner. Then, select "New" from the drop-down menu. You can choose a blank workbook to start from scratch, or select a template that fits your needs.

B. How to input data into cells

Once you have a new spreadsheet open, you can start inputting data into cells. Simply click on the cell where you want to input data and start typing. You can enter numbers, text, or formulas into cells to organize and calculate your data.

C. How to navigate between cells and worksheets

Navigating between cells and worksheets is an essential skill in Excel. To move between cells, you can use the arrow keys on your keyboard or simply click on the desired cell. To navigate between worksheets within a workbook, you can click on the sheet tabs at the bottom of the window or use the keyboard shortcuts Ctrl + Page Up or Ctrl + Page Down.

## Formulas in Excel

Excel is a powerful tool for performing calculations and data analysis. Formulas allow you to automate these calculations, making your spreadsheet more efficient and accurate.

A. Explanation of basic math operators (+, -, *, /)
• Addition (+): The plus sign is used to add two or more numbers together. For example, =A1+B1 adds the values in cell A1 and B1.
• Subtraction (-): The minus sign is used to subtract one number from another. For example, =A1-B1 subtracts the value in cell B1 from A1.
• Multiplication (*): The asterisk is used to multiply two or more numbers. For example, =A1*B1 multiplies the values in cells A1 and B1.
• Division (/): The forward slash is used to divide one number by another. For example, =A1/B1 divides the value in cell A1 by B1.

B. How to write a formula in a cell

To write a formula in a cell, start by typing an equal sign (=) followed by the formula you want to calculate. For example, to add the values in cells A1 and B1, type =A1+B1 and press Enter.

C. Examples of simple formulas (e.g. addition, subtraction)
• Addition: To add the values in cells A1 and B1, type =A1+B1 and press Enter.
• Subtraction: To subtract the value in cell B1 from A1, type =A1-B1 and press Enter.
• Multiplication: To multiply the values in cells A1 and B1, type =A1*B1 and press Enter.
• Division: To divide the value in cell A1 by B1, type =A1/B1 and press Enter.

## Using functions in Excel

In Excel, functions are predefined formulas that perform calculations using specific values in a particular order. They can be used to simplify and expedite common mathematical and statistical operations.

A. Introduction to common functions
• SUM: Adds all the numbers in a range of cells.
• AVERAGE: Calculates the average of a range of cells.
• MAX: Returns the largest value in a range of cells.
• MIN: Returns the smallest value in a range of cells.

B. How to use functions to perform calculations on a range of cells

To use functions in Excel, you can start by selecting the cell where you want the result to appear and then typing the function name followed by the range of cells in parentheses. For example, to find the sum of a range of cells A1:A10, you can type =SUM(A1:A10) into the desired cell.

C. Examples of practical applications of functions in Excel
• Financial calculations: Functions can be used to calculate loan payments, interest, and investment returns.
• Data analysis: Functions like AVERAGE and MAX can be used to analyze and interpret sets of data.
• Automating repetitive tasks: Functions can automate tasks such as finding the total of expenses or determining the highest and lowest values in a dataset.

## Formatting and customizing the spreadsheet

After creating a basic Excel spreadsheet, the next step is to format and customize it to make it visually appealing and easy to understand. In this chapter, we will cover the essential aspects of formatting and customizing an Excel spreadsheet.

### How to format cells (e.g. currency, date)

Formatting cells is essential to ensure that the data is presented in a clear and understandable manner. To format cells in Excel, follow these steps:

• Select the cells that you want to format.
• Go to the Home tab on the Excel ribbon.
• Click on the Number Format drop-down menu to choose from various formatting options, such as Currency or Date.
• You can also customize the format by clicking on More Number Formats option and specifying your desired format.

### Adding borders and shading to cells

Adding borders and shading to cells can help in visually organizing and differentiating data within the spreadsheet. Here's how to add borders and shading to cells in Excel:

• Select the cells to which you want to apply borders and shading.
• Go to the Home tab on the Excel ribbon.
• Click on the Border drop-down menu to choose from various border styles and line weights.
• To add shading, go to the Fill Color drop-down menu and select a color to apply to the cells.

### Adjusting column width and row height

Adjusting the column width and row height is important to ensure that the data is properly aligned and not cramped within the cells. Follow these steps to adjust the column width and row height in Excel:

• Select the column or row that you want to resize.
• Hover your mouse pointer over the right boundary of the column header or the bottom boundary of the row header until the double-headed arrow appears.
• Click and drag to adjust the column width or row height to your desired size.

## Advanced Excel features

When it comes to creating an Excel spreadsheet with formulas, understanding advanced features can enhance the functionality and effectiveness of your spreadsheet. In this chapter, we will explore three advanced features: absolute and relative cell references in formulas, creating and using named ranges, and applying conditional formatting to highlight specific data.

### Using absolute and relative cell references in formulas

When writing formulas in Excel, it is important to understand the difference between absolute and relative cell references. Absolute cell references remain constant, while relative cell references change when the formula is copied to different cells. To use absolute references, simply add a dollar sign (\$) before the column letter and row number (e.g. \$A\$1). Relative references do not have a dollar sign and will adjust based on their new location when copied.

### Creating and using named ranges

Named ranges allow you to assign a specific name to a range of cells in Excel, making it easier to reference them in formulas and functions. To create a named range, select the cells you want to name, click "Formulas" on the ribbon, then choose "Define Name." Once you have created a named range, you can use it in formulas by simply typing its name rather than the cell references.

### Applying conditional formatting to highlight specific data

Conditional formatting is a powerful tool in Excel that allows you to automatically apply formatting to cells based on specific criteria. This can be used to highlight important data, identify trends, or visualize patterns. To apply conditional formatting, select the range of cells you want to format, click "Home" on the ribbon, then choose "Conditional Formatting." From there, you can set the conditions and formatting options to customize how your data is highlighted.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, we have covered the basics of creating an Excel spreadsheet with formulas. We have learned how to input data, use simple formulas, and format our spreadsheet for a professional look. It's important to practice what you have learned and explore more advanced functions in Excel to become proficient in using this powerful tool.

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