# Excel Tutorial: How To Convert In Excel

## Introduction

Being able to convert data in Excel is a crucial skill for anyone who works with spreadsheets. Whether you need to change the format of a date, convert text to numbers, or switch between different units of measurement, Excel's conversion capabilities can save you time and effort. In this tutorial, we will provide an overview of the different types of conversions that can be done in Excel, as well as the importance of mastering this skill.

## Key Takeaways

• Being able to convert data in Excel is a crucial skill for anyone working with spreadsheets
• Understanding the different data types in Excel is important for accurate conversions
• The VALUE function can be used to convert text to numbers in Excel
• The TEXT function can be used to convert numbers to text in Excel
• Mastering data conversion in Excel can save time and effort in data management

## Understanding the basics of data conversion in Excel

When working with data in Excel, it is important to understand the different data types and how to convert them as needed. This can help ensure that your data is accurate and can be used effectively for analysis and reporting.

A. Overview of the different data types in Excel

• Text: This data type is used for any value that is treated as text, including numbers that are meant to be used as labels or identifiers.
• Number: Numeric values that can be used in calculations, such as integers or decimals.
• Date: Values that represent dates and times, which can be formatted in various ways.
• Logical: This data type includes boolean values (TRUE or FALSE) that can be used in logical operations.

B. Explanation of the importance of converting data to the correct type

• Accuracy: Converting data to the correct type ensures that it is interpreted and used accurately, whether in calculations or visualizations.
• Functionality: Certain Excel functions and formulas require specific data types, so converting data appropriately allows for full use of these features.
• Consistency: Converting data to the correct type helps maintain consistency and clarity in the dataset, making it easier to work with and understand.

## Converting text to numbers in Excel

When working with data in Excel, it is important to ensure that all information is in the correct format for accurate analysis. Converting text to numbers is a common task that can be easily accomplished using the VALUE function.

### Step-by-step guide on how to use the VALUE function

• Step 1: Open the Excel spreadsheet containing the text values that need to be converted to numbers.
• Step 2: Insert a new column next to the column containing the text values.
• Step 3: In the first cell of the new column, enter the formula =VALUE(cell reference), where "cell reference" is the location of the text value to be converted.
• Step 4: Press Enter to apply the formula and convert the text value to a number.
• Step 5: Drag the fill handle down to apply the formula to the rest of the cells in the column.

### Example of converting text to numbers in a real-life scenario

Let's say you have a spreadsheet containing a list of sales figures, but the values are stored as text instead of numbers. To convert these text values to numbers, you can use the VALUE function as described above. This will allow you to perform calculations and analysis on the sales data more effectively.

## Converting numbers to text in Excel

Converting numbers to text in Excel can be useful when you need to display numbers as text, such as when working with financial data or creating reports. The TEXT function in Excel allows you to easily convert numbers to text, and in this tutorial, we will guide you through the process.

### A. Step-by-step guide on how to use the TEXT function

• Step 1: Open your Excel spreadsheet and select the cell where you want to display the converted text.
• Step 2: In the formula bar, type =TEXT(
• Step 3: Select the cell containing the number you want to convert.
• Step 4: Type a comma (,) to separate the arguments in the function.
• Step 5: Enter the format code in double quotation marks. This will determine how the number is displayed as text. For example, if you want to display the number with two decimal places, you can use "0.00" as the format code.
• Step 6: Close the function with a closing parenthesis and press Enter.

### B. Example of converting numbers to text in a real-life scenario

Let's say you have a spreadsheet with a list of invoice amounts, and you want to display these amounts as text for a report. By using the TEXT function, you can easily convert the numbers to text and format them according to your needs. For example, you can use the format code "[\$\$-409]0.00" to display the numbers with a currency symbol and two decimal places.

## Converting date formats in Excel

Excel provides various date formats to display and manipulate date values. Understanding the different date formats and how to convert them can be crucial for effectively managing data in Excel.

### Explanation of the different date formats in Excel

• Short Date Format: The default date format that displays dates as mm/dd/yyyy.
• Long Date Format: Displays dates with the full day, month, and year (e.g., Thursday, March 14, 2023).
• Custom Date Format: Allows users to create their own date format using combinations of days, months, and years.

### Step-by-step guide on how to change date formats using the TEXT and DATEVALUE functions

To convert date formats in Excel, you can use the TEXT and DATEVALUE functions. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

1. Identify the cell containing the date value: Select the cell or range of cells that contain the date values you want to convert.
2. Use the TEXT function: The TEXT function allows you to convert a date value into a specific format. For example, if you want to display the date in the long date format, you can use the formula =TEXT(A1, "dddd, mmmm dd, yyyy"), where A1 is the cell containing the date value.
3. Use the DATEVALUE function: If the date values are stored as text and you want to convert them into actual date values, you can use the DATEVALUE function. Simply use the formula =DATEVALUE(A1), where A1 is the cell containing the date value stored as text.
4. Apply the new format: Once you have used the TEXT or DATEVALUE function to convert the date format, you can apply the new format to the entire column or range of cells by dragging the fill handle or using the Format Cells option.

## Converting data using formulas in Excel

When working with data in Excel, it may be necessary to convert data from one format to another. This can be achieved using various formulas in Excel. In this tutorial, we will introduce some common formulas used for data conversion and provide examples of how to use them.

### Introduction to common formulas used for data conversion

There are several built-in formulas in Excel that can be used for data conversion. These include:

• CONVERT: This function can be used to convert a number from one measurement unit to another, such as from meters to feet, or from kilograms to pounds.
• TEXT: The TEXT function can be used to convert a value to text in a specific number format.
• VALUE: This function can be used to convert a text string that represents a number to a numeric value.

### Examples of using formulas for data conversion in Excel

Now, let's take a look at some examples of how these formulas can be used for data conversion in Excel:

• Example 1 - Using CONVERT: Suppose you have a column of lengths in meters, and you want to convert them to feet. You can use the CONVERT function to achieve this conversion.
• Example 2 - Using TEXT: If you have a column of dates in a numeric format, and you want to display them in a specific date format, you can use the TEXT function to convert the dates to the desired format.
• Example 3 - Using VALUE: In case you have a column of numbers stored as text, you can use the VALUE function to convert them to numeric values that can be used in calculations.

## Conclusion

Overall, Excel offers a variety of conversion options that can help improve the accuracy and efficiency of your data analysis. From simple unit and date conversions to more complex text and number transformations, mastering these conversion functions can save you time and ensure that your data is presented in the most useful format for your needs.

• Recap: In Excel, you can convert units, dates, text, and numbers using various functions and formulas.
• Final thoughts: It is crucial to master data conversion in Excel as it can streamline your data analysis process and help you present your findings more effectively.

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