Excel Tutorial: How To Calculate Percent Increase Excel


Are you looking to calculate percent increase in Excel but not sure where to start? You're in the right place. Understanding how to perform this calculation in Excel is critical for businesses, analysts, and anyone working with data. By mastering this skill, you'll be able to quickly and accurately analyze trends and make informed decisions based on the data at hand.

Key Takeaways

  • Understanding how to calculate percent increase in Excel is crucial for data analysis and informed decision-making.
  • The basic formula for percent increase is ((new - old)/old), and it is important to grasp this concept.
  • Excel functions like =((new - old)/old) can be used to perform percent increase calculations with step-by-step instructions.
  • Properly formatting cells to display percent values is essential for clarity and accuracy in Excel.
  • Absolute cell references are important in percent increase calculations, and their application can be demonstrated in Excel.

Understanding the basic formula for percent increase

When working with data in Excel, calculating the percent increase is a common task. Understanding and mastering this formula is essential for anyone regularly working with numerical data. Here's a simple guide to help you understand the basic formula for percent increase in Excel.

A. Define the formula for calculating percent increase

The formula for calculating percent increase in Excel is: ((New Value - Old Value) / Old Value) * 100

This formula calculates the percentage difference between two values, typically a starting value (old value) and an ending value (new value).

B. Provide an example to illustrate the concept

Let's consider an example to illustrate the concept of percent increase. Suppose you have a sales report where the sales for January were $10,000 and the sales for February were $15,000.

  • Old Value: $10,000
  • New Value: $15,000

Using the formula, we can calculate the percent increase as follows:

Percent Increase = ((15,000 - 10,000) / 10,000) * 100

Percent Increase = (5,000 / 10,000) * 100

Percent Increase = 0.5 * 100

Percent Increase = 50%

So, the percent increase in sales from January to February is 50%.

Using Excel functions for calculating percent increase

When working with data in Excel, it's often necessary to calculate the percent increase between two values. This can be easily done using Excel functions and formulas, allowing you to quickly and accurately determine the percentage change.

A. Introduce the use of formulas like =((new - old)/old) to calculate percent increase

One of the most common formulas used to calculate percent increase in Excel is =((new - old)/old). This formula subtracts the old value from the new value, divides it by the old value, and then multiplies by 100 to get the percentage increase.

B. Provide step-by-step instructions on how to use Excel functions for this calculation

Here are step-by-step instructions on how to use Excel functions to calculate percent increase:

  • Step 1: Enter the old value in one cell and the new value in another cell.
  • Step 2: In a new cell, input the formula =((new - old)/old), where "new" is the cell reference for the new value and "old" is the cell reference for the old value.
  • Step 3: Press Enter. The cell will display the decimal value of the percent increase.
  • Step 4: To convert the decimal value to a percentage, select the cell with the formula, and then click the Percentage button in the Number group on the Home tab.

Formatting the cells for displaying percent increase

When working with percent increase in Excel, it's important to properly format the cells to ensure the values are displayed accurately and clearly. Here's how to do it:

A. Explain how to format cells to display percent values

To format cells to display percent values, select the cells in which you want to display the percent increase. Then, go to the 'Home' tab, click on the 'Number' group, and select 'Percentage' from the drop-down menu. This will format the cells to display values as percentages.

B. Discuss the importance of proper formatting for clarity and accuracy

Properly formatting the cells for displaying percent increase is crucial for clarity and accuracy. When the cells are not formatted correctly, it can lead to confusion and inaccuracies in calculations. By formatting the cells to display percentage values, you can ensure that the percent increase is clearly represented and easily understandable for anyone reviewing the data.

Using absolute cell references for percent increase calculation

When working with Excel, absolute cell references are a crucial tool for performing calculations that involve constant values or references that should not change when copied to other cells. This is especially important when calculating percent increase, as it allows you to maintain consistency in the reference cells.

A. Explain the concept of absolute cell references

An absolute cell reference in Excel is denoted by the dollar sign ($) before the column letter and row number (e.g., $A$1). This tells Excel to keep the reference constant when copied to other cells, regardless of the cell's new location.

B. Demonstrate how to use absolute cell references in percent increase calculations

When calculating percent increase in Excel, you can use absolute cell references to ensure that the original value and the new value remain constant in the formula. For example, if you have the original value in cell A1 and the new value in cell B1, the formula for percent increase would be: =(B1-A1)/A1. However, to use absolute cell references, you would modify the formula to: =(B1-$A$1)/$A$1.

Applying the calculation to real-world scenarios

A. Provide examples of practical applications for calculating percent increase in Excel

Calculating percent increase in Excel can be incredibly useful in a variety of real-world scenarios. For instance, businesses can use this calculation to analyze sales growth, marketing campaign performance, or even employee productivity. By using Excel to calculate percent increase, business owners and analysts can gain valuable insights into the performance of various metrics over time.

  • Sales Growth: By calculating the percent increase in sales over a given period, businesses can track their revenue growth and make informed decisions about future sales strategies.
  • Marketing Campaign Performance: Marketers can use Excel to analyze the percent increase in customer engagement or conversion rates to measure the success of their marketing efforts.
  • Employee Productivity: HR professionals can track the percent increase in employee productivity or performance to evaluate the impact of training programs or incentive initiatives.

B. Discuss the benefits of using Excel for these calculations in a business setting

Using Excel for calculating percent increase offers several benefits in a business setting. Excel provides a user-friendly platform for performing these calculations with ease, and its powerful features allow for in-depth analysis and visualization of data.

  • Efficiency: Excel's built-in functions and formulas streamline the process of calculating percent increase, saving time and effort for business professionals.
  • Accuracy: With Excel's precision in calculations, businesses can rely on accurate percent increase figures for making informed decisions.
  • Integration: Excel seamlessly integrates with other business tools, allowing for the incorporation of percent increase calculations into comprehensive reports and presentations.


In this tutorial, we covered the key steps to calculate percent increase in Excel. We learned how to use the =(new value - old value) / old value formula to calculate the percentage increase and format the result as a percentage. It is important to ensure that the cells are formatted correctly to avoid errors in the calculation.

Now that you have learned this essential skill, I encourage you to practice and apply it in your own data analysis and reporting tasks. The ability to calculate percent increase in Excel is a valuable tool for anyone working with data, and mastering this skill will make your work more efficient and accurate.

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