Excel Tutorial: How To Assign Macro In Excel


When it comes to streamlining your workflow in Excel, macros can be an invaluable tool. By assigning macros, you can automate repetitive tasks, saving you time and effort in the long run. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of assigning macros in Excel so that you can take full advantage of this powerful feature.

Key Takeaways

  • Assigning macros in Excel can streamline your workflow and save time.
  • Macros in Excel automate repetitive tasks, increasing efficiency.
  • Recording a macro involves opening the developer tab, naming the macro, performing the actions, and stopping the recording.
  • Buttons and keyboard shortcuts can be assigned to macros for quick access.
  • Best practices include using clear names, organizing macros, and thorough testing.

Understanding Macros in Excel

A. Define what macros are in Excel

A macro in Excel is a set of instructions that can be recorded and saved to automate repetitive tasks. It allows users to perform complex operations with just a single click, saving time and effort.

B. Explain the benefits of using macros in Excel

  • Efficiency: Macros can help automate repetitive tasks, reducing the time and effort required to perform them manually.
  • Accuracy: By automating tasks with macros, the chances of human error are minimized, leading to more accurate results.
  • Consistency: Using macros ensures that the same steps are followed each time a task is performed, leading to consistent outcomes.
  • Productivity: With the time saved from using macros, users can focus on other important tasks, increasing overall productivity.
  • Customization: Macros can be customized to suit specific needs, allowing users to tailor them to their individual requirements.

How to Record a Macro in Excel

If you want to automate repetitive tasks in Excel, recording a macro can save you time and effort. Follow these steps to record a macro in Excel:

A. Open the developer tab in Excel

To begin recording a macro, you need to ensure that the developer tab is visible in Excel. If it's not already visible, you can enable it by going to the "File" tab, selecting "Options," choosing "Customize Ribbon," and then checking the "Developer" option.

B. Click on "Record Macro" and give the macro a name

Once the developer tab is open, click on "Record Macro" to start the recording process. You will be prompted to give the macro a name, which should be descriptive and easy to remember.

C. Perform the actions you want to automate

After naming the macro, you can start performing the actions in Excel that you want to automate. This can include formatting cells, entering data, or any other task that you want to be able to repeat with the macro.

D. Click on "Stop Recording" when done

Once you have completed the actions you want to automate, click on "Stop Recording" in the developer tab. This will finalize the recording of the macro, and it will be ready for use.

How to Assign a Macro to a Button in Excel

Assigning a macro to a button in Excel can help automate repetitive tasks, saving you time and effort. Follow these simple steps to assign a macro to a button in your Excel worksheet.

A. Insert a button in your Excel worksheet

To begin, you'll need to insert a button in your Excel worksheet. You can do this by going to the "Developer" tab and clicking on "Insert" in the Controls group. From the drop-down menu, select "Button" and then click and drag to draw the button on your worksheet.

B. Right-click on the button and select "Assign Macro"

Once the button is inserted, right-click on it to display the context menu. From the menu, select "Assign Macro" to open the "Assign Macro" dialog box.

C. Choose the macro you want to assign to the button

In the "Assign Macro" dialog box, you will see a list of available macros in your workbook. Select the macro that you want to assign to the button and click "OK".

D. Test the button to make sure the macro runs correctly

After assigning the macro to the button, you can test it to ensure that it runs correctly. Simply click on the button to execute the assigned macro and observe the results. If the macro performs as expected, you have successfully assigned a macro to the button in Excel.

How to Assign a Macro to a Keyboard Shortcut in Excel

To assign a macro to a keyboard shortcut in Excel, follow these steps:

A. Open the developer tab in Excel

First, open the Excel workbook in which you want to assign a macro to a keyboard shortcut. Then, click on the "Developer" tab in the Excel ribbon. If you do not see the Developer tab, you may need to enable it in the Excel options.

B. Click on "Macros" and select the macro you want to assign

Once the Developer tab is open, click on the "Macros" button. This will open a window displaying all the available macros in the workbook. Select the macro to which you want to assign a keyboard shortcut.

C. Click on "Options" and choose a letter to use as a shortcut

After selecting the macro, click on the "Options" button. In the "Options" window, you can assign a letter to use as a keyboard shortcut for the selected macro. Choose a letter that is not already assigned to another function in Excel, as this could cause conflicts.

D. Test the shortcut to ensure the macro runs as expected

Once you have assigned the keyboard shortcut, close the "Options" window and return to your Excel workbook. Test the shortcut by pressing the letter you assigned. If the macro runs as expected, then you have successfully assigned a keyboard shortcut to the macro.

Best Practices for Assigning Macros in Excel

When it comes to assigning macros in Excel, there are a few best practices to keep in mind to ensure that your macros are easy to use and maintain. Let's take a look at some of these best practices:

A. Use clear and descriptive names for your macros

  • Use meaningful names: When creating macros, it's important to use names that clearly describe the action or function of the macro. This will make it easier for you and others to understand and use the macros in the future.
  • Avoid generic names: Avoid using generic names such as "Macro1" or "Button2_Click". These names are not descriptive and can be confusing, especially when you have multiple macros in your workbook.

B. Organize your macros in a separate module in Excel

  • Create a separate module: Instead of storing your macros directly in a worksheet or workbook, create a separate module in Excel to organize and store your macros. This will make it easier to manage and maintain your macros, and allows you to easily share them with others.
  • Group similar macros: Organize your macros by grouping similar functions together in the same module. This will help you find and manage your macros more efficiently.

C. Test your macros thoroughly before assigning them to buttons or shortcuts

  • Test for errors: Before assigning a macro to a button or shortcut, thoroughly test it to ensure that it works as intended. This will help you catch any errors or bugs before they cause any issues in your workbook.
  • Consider user inputs: If your macro requires user inputs, make sure to test it with various input scenarios to ensure that it handles different situations correctly.


Assigning macros in Excel is crucial for automating tasks and increasing efficiency. By creating custom macros, users can streamline their workflow and save time on repetitive actions. We encourage all Excel users to practice and experiment with assigning macros to become more proficient in using this powerful tool. The more you familiarize yourself with macros, the better equipped you will be to tackle complex tasks and improve your productivity in Excel.

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